All workplaces generate waste, but the type of waste varies from industry to industry – for example, approximately 76% of waste generated by office-based businesses is paper and cardboard while 62% of waste generated by cafés and restaurants is food waste.
The vast majority of these waste streams are recyclable – for example, over 94% of waste in a typical office bin can be recycled, and similarly high rates exist in most other workplaces.
It is well established that waste has huge environmental impacts. To make goods or to provide services resources like minerals, metals, wood, food, fibres, and fossil fuels need to be extracted from the planet. These resources will then undergo a production phase following which, the new products will be transported to markets, stored and consumed. At each stage of this process there is an environmental impact including the release of carbon into the atmosphere which drives climate change.
Sending materials to landfill at the end of their useful lives comes with its own set of impacts including the release of toxic chemicals or greenhouse gases, as well as contributing to litter and solid pollution (e.g. ocean plastic).
Recycling material that is already in the economic system and converting it into an input for other industries equates to less overall harm to the environment.13 It lessens the demand to extract new resources, lowers greenhouse gas emissions, and decreases litter and pollution.
According to General Manager Andrew Laplain, after taking care of glass, cardboard and general waste Cumberland Golf Club realised “the biggest issue we had was a lot of plant waste around the golf course”. So they invested in a wood chipper (with the support of a rebate from the EPA) at the cost of $16,500. The chipper resulted in a 30% waste reduction which meant the club pays $8,000 less on waste transport and disposal fees each year. Their return on investment is just two years. After that they’ll effectively be making money.
Investing in a wood chipper cut Cumberland Golf Club's waste by 30% and saved $8,000 in waste fees.